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The Governing Pandemics Timeline tracks efforts to strengthen global pandemic preparedness and response in light of the COVID-19 crisis.


The overall timeline includes specific timelines for both the Pandemic Treaty (INB) and International Health Regulations Amendments processes since March 2020.


EB | World Health Organization Executive Board

INB | Intergovernmental Negotiating Body
IHR | International Health Regulations
IHR RC | International Health Regulations Review Committee
WGIHR | Working Group on IHR Amendments
WGPR | Working Group on Strengthening WHO Preparedness and Response to Health Emergencies

WHA | World Health Assembly

WHO | World Health Organization


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  • 27 February - 3 March: Fourth meeting of the INB and meetings of a drafting group

  • 20-24 February: Second meeting of the Working Group on Amendments to the International Health Regulations (2005) (WG IHR)

  • 10 February: The translated version of the zero draft in all other UN official languages will be circulated to Member States and made available to non-state actors.

  • 1 February: An advance English version of the zero draft will be circulated to Member States and made available to non-state actors.


  • 30 January-7 February 2023: Executive Board, 152nd session


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JANUARY 9-13, 2023: IHR Review Committee #6

DECEMBER 15-16, 2022: IHR Review Committee #5

  • The Committee dedicated the meeting to the finalization of the third reading and analysis of proposed amendments. The Committee agreed on the Members’ respective tasks and timeline to finalize and submit the Final Report to the WHO Director-General by 15 January 2023 (meeting report).

DECEMBER 5-7, 2022: INB 3

NOVEMBER 28 - DECEMBER 2, 2022: IHR Review Committee #4

  • According to the meeting report, agreement was reached about the outline of the prospective Final Report – broadly addressing: general considerations on the proposed amendments and context in which they were submitted; cross-cutting themes; article-by-article/annex-by-annex analysis of proposed amendments – and the subdivision of tasks among the RC Members.

NOVEMBER 16-23, 2022: IHR Review Committee #3

  • The IHR Review Committee met to continue and complete the systematic review of the proposed amendments to Articles and Annexes of the IHR. According to the meeting report, the RC examined systematically all of the proposed amendments according to the criteria of Appropriateness, Clarity, Consistency, Feasibility, and other considerations. Committee Members made a number of reflections on the proposed amendments including that a number of the proposed amendments were potentially not suited for the IHR and the need for the in-depth discussions of a number of key issues at the next face-to-face meeting.

NOVEMBER 15, 2022: INB 3 

  • The Bureau released the Conceptual zero draft for the consideration of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Body at its third meeting. 

NOVEMBER 14-15, 2022: Working Group on IHR Amendments 

  • The WGIHR/1 met to elect the officers of the Bureau, organize aspects of the Working Group on Amendments to the International Health Regulations, review the process of receiving proposed amendments and establishing a Review Committee regarding amendments to the International Health Regulations (2005), review the proposed method of work, and discuss its coordination with the INB to draft and negotiate a WHO convention, agreement or other international instrument on pandemic prevention, preparedness and response.

  • Compilation of Proposed Amendments to the International Health Regulations (2005) 

NOVEMBER 13, 2022: The Pandemic Fund (previously the Financial Intermediary Fund)

  • The G20 Presidency of Indonesia, in partnership with the Pandemic Fund secretariat, officially launched The Pandemic Fund to provide long-term financing for pandemic preparedness and response. At this time, The Pandemic Fund has a total of US$1.4 billion in funding committed by 24 donors.

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