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TIMELINE OF EFFORTS TO STRENGTHEN GLOBAL PANDEMIC PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE IN LIGHT OF THE COVID-19 CRISIS 

SEPTEMBER 12, 2022: INB #2 - Informal, focused consultations

  • During INB #2, the INB decided that the INB Bureau would conduct informal, focused consultations (IFCs) on selected key issues, and developed a White Paper on the arrangements for the IFCs.

  • The IFC on "Legal matters" will take place 21 September from 2-5 PM. | Concept Note

  • The IFC on "Operationalizing and achieving equity" will take place 5 October from 12-3 PM.

  • The IFC on "Intellectual property (IP), and access to pandemic response products" will take place 7 October from 2-5 PM.

  • The IFC on "One-Health, AMR, Climate, and Zoonosis" will take place 14 October from 12-3 PM.

JULY 18-22, 2022: INB #2

  • The INB agreed that the pandemic instrument will be legally binding, probably under Article 19 of the WHO Constitution.

  • Member States exchanged views on the working draft of the instrument.

  • The INB decided that the next round of public hearings will take place on 29-30 September 2022.

  • The INB decided to hold its third session on 5-7 December 2022.

  • The INB agreed on a process and timelines for the collection of written inputs on the working draft, regional and bilateral consultations as well as the finalization by the Bureau of a zero draft of the instrument.

  • First working draft of a Pandemic Instrument

  • Options on the legal nature of the instrument

JUNE 6-8, 2022: INB Second Resumed Session

  • The INB considered the potential substantive elements to be included in the scope of the instrument 

  • The INB Bureau developed a White Paper with a draft annotated outline of the instrument

  • The INB agreed to discuss the outline from 15-17 June and postpone the public hearings originally scheduled on those dates. A working draft is expected to be published by 11 July, before the second meeting of the INB starting on 18 July.

MAY 22-28, 2022: 75th World Health Assembly and 151st Executive Board

  • The WHA approved the report of the WGPR, and set up a process for the consideration of amendments to the IHR (2005), including the creation of a Working Group on IHR Amendments (WGIHR), to be finalized for the 77th WHA in 2024. The Assembly also adopted amendments to Article 59 of the IHR concerning the deadline for the entry into force of amendments to the Regulations, as well as consequential amendments to Articles 55, 61, 62, and 63.

  • The Assembly also adopted the recommendations of the Working Group on Sustainable Financing to increase assessed contributions gradually to represent 50% of WHO’s core budget by 2030-2031 at the latest.

  • The Executive Board (EB) decided to create a Standing Committee on Health Emergency Prevention Preparedness and Response (HEPR), comprised of 14 EB members, intended to convene quickly in the event of a declaration of a Public Health Emergency of International Concern and to provide additional oversight to the WHO Health Emergencies Programme.

MAY 12, 2022: The Second Global Covid-19 Summit

  • Co-hosted by the United States (first COVID Summit Chair), Belize (CARICOM Chair), Germany (G7 Presidency), Indonesia (G20 Presidency), and Senegal (African Union Chair), the Summit resulted in $3.2 billion in new financial commitments from various governments, NGOs, private companies, and philanthropies. $2.5 billion will go toward the COVID-19 response and $715 million to the proposed Financial Intermediary Fund to be hosted at the World Bank.

 

MAY 4-6, 2022: WGPR 9

  • Member States worked to finalize WGPR’s ZERO Draft Report to the 75th WHA. However, several resumed sessions of WGPR 9 ensued and concluded on the 17th of May. The final report was submitted to the WHA on the 23rd of May.

APRIL 25-27, 2022: WGSF Consensus

APRIL 12-13, 2022: INB Public Hearings #1

  • The INB held its first round of public hearings to receive input on the following question: “What substantive elements do you think should be included in a new international instrument on pandemic preparedness and response?”

MARCH 28-30, 2022: WGPR 8

MARCH 14-15, 2022: INB 1 (First Resumed Session)

FEBRUARY 24, 2022: INB 1

  • The INB elected its officers (Mr. Roland Driece of the Netherlands and Dr. Precious Matsoso of South Africa as co-chairs; and Ambassador Tovar da Silva Nunes of Brazil, Mr. Ahmed Soliman of Egypt, Dr. Viroj Tangcharoensathien of Thailand and Mr. Kazuho Taguchi of Japan as vice-chairs), adopted its methods of work and decided to reconvene in March for a resumed session.

FEBRUARY 21-23, 2022: WGPR 7

JANUARY 24-29, 2022: The 150th Session of the Executive Board

  • The WGPR interim report highlighted these priority areas by Member States: equity, systems and tools (including strengthening the IHR and One Health), leadership and governance, and finance.

  • The Board requested the WGPR by decision EB150(3) to dedicate time to discuss strengthening the IHR (2005) including through implementation, compliance and potential amendments. It also decided with decision EB150(6) to consider establishing a Standing Committee on Health Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response and requested the DG to facilitate informal consultations and report to the 151st session of the EB in May 2022.

JANUARY 10-12, 2022:  WGPR 6

  • The WGPR met to discuss and finalize the interim report that was submitted to the 150th session of the WHO Executive Board

NOVEMBER 29-DECEMBER 1, 2021:  World Health Assembly Special Session

  • The World Health Assembly gathered for a special session and established an Intergovernmental Negotiating Body tasked with drafting and negotiating “a WHO convention, agreement or other international instrument on pandemic preparedness and response”

NOVEMBER 15, 2021:  WGPR 5

  • The Draft report of the WGPR to the WHASS was finalized, assessing the benefits of developing a new WHO convention, agreement, or other international instrument on pandemic preparedness and response.

NOVEMBER 1-3, 2021:  WGPR 4

  • The ZERO Draft Report of the WGPR was reviewed and prepared for the WHA Special Session (WHASS), reflecting a two-track approach with amendments to the IHR negotiated in parallel with a potential new WHO instrument on PPR.

OCTOBER 30-31, 2021:  G20 Rome Summit

OCTOBER 4-6, 2021:  WGPR 3

  • Member States discussed necessary collaborations with United Nation entities that operate in a health emergency (with a focus on COVID-19) and funding streams for health emergency preparedness. The Secretariat submitted a report on incentives, benefits, risks and legal implications of a new instrument on pandemic preparedness and response and on options for strengthening the IHR (2005). 

  • Also, the WGPR agreed to prepare two reports, one for the WHA special session in November 2021 specifically on the benefits of developing a new WHO convention, agreement, or other international instrument on pandemic preparedness and response and one to the Executive Board meeting in January 2022 on the reviews of the international response to COVID-19.

SEPTEMBER 22, 2021:  Global COVID-19 Summit

  • U.S. President Biden convened a virtual Summit during the 76th Session of the UN General Assembly (held from September 14-27) at which the U.S. Government called for the creation of a global health security financial intermediary fund (FIF) to gather resources for pandemic preparedness.

SEPTEMBER 1-3, 2021:  WGPR 2

  • Member States reviewed a paper from the Secretariat that mapped out recommendations from multiple international reviews regarding the global Covid-19 response. Member States’ also highlighted equity as a key priority to be addressed, along with leadership and governance, systems and tools, and finance.

JULY 15-16, 2021:  WGPR 1

  • During this first session, the WGPR elected the officers (H.E. Ms Grata Endah Werdaningtyas of Indonesia and Mr. Colin Mcfiff of the United States of America as co-chairs; Dr. Malebogo Kebaboyne of Botswana, H.E. Mr. François Rivasseau of France, Dr. Ala Alwan of Iraq, and Dr. Lyn James of Singapore as vice-chairs) and established its Bureau. Additionally, the WGPR adopted its methods of work, the proposed timelines and deliverables, and the proposed modalities of engagement for relevant stakeholders

JULY 9-10, 2021:  G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors (FMCBGs) Meeting

  • G20 leaders met to discuss the ongoing efforts to promote economic recovery during the pandemic and the HLIP issued its full report, “A Global Deal for Our Pandemic Age”.

JUNE 13, 2021:  Carbis Bay G7 Summit Communiqué

MAY 24-31, 2021:  74th World Health Assembly

  • The Member States’ Working Group on Strengthening WHO preparedness and response to health emergencies (WGPR) was established via resolution WHA74.7.  The Assembly decided to reconvene in a special session in November for the sole purpose of “considering the benefits of developing a WHO convention, agreement or other international instrument on pandemic preparedness and response” and establishing an intergovernmental process for that purpose.

MAY 21, 2021:  G20 Global Health Summit

  • Co-Hosted by the European Commission and Italy (as chair of the G20), stakeholders met to share lessons learned from the Covid-19 pandemic and adopted a “Rome Declaration”.

MAY 12, 2021:  The Independent Panel on Pandemic Preparedness and Response (IPPPR)

  • The Independent Panel on Pandemic Preparedness and Response issued its final report: “Covid-19: Make it the Last Pandemic” and supporting background papers.

APRIL 30, 2021:  WHO IHR Review Committee 

  • The WHO Review Committee on the Functioning of the IHR (2005) During the Covid-19 Response issued its final report

JANUARY 26, 2021:  G20 Finance and Central Bank Deputies 

  • The G20 established the High-Level Independent Panel (HLIP), tasked with identifying gaps in the global health financing system as it relates to pandemic prevention preparedness, surveillance and response; and developing recommendations to address those gaps.

JANUARY 18-26, 2021:  148th Session of the Executive Board 

  • The Working Group on Sustainable Financing (WGSF) was established by the Executive Board decision EB148(12), tasked with identifying “the essential functions of WHO that should be funded in a sustainable manner”, recommending appropriate sources for funding, and providing options to improve sustainable financing.

NOVEMBER 9-14, 2020:  73rd World Health Assembly (Resumed Session)

  • Held virtually in mid-November, the Assembly met to address the Covid-19 pandemic and approved resolution WHA73.8 from the Executive Board which focused on strengthening preparedness for health emergencies and the International Health Regulations (2005) (IHR).

MAY 18-19, 2020:  73rd World Health Assembly (WHA)

  • The WHA held an online de minimis session. It adopted resolution WHA73.1 which, inter alia, requested the Director-General to initiate an impartial, independent and comprehensive evaluation of the international health response to COVID-19. The DG established the Independent Panel on Pandemic Prevention, Preparedness and Response (IPPPR).

MARCH 16, 2020:  G7 Leaders' Statement on COVID-19