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TIMELINE OF EFFORTS TO STRENGTHEN GLOBAL PANDEMIC PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE IN LIGHT OF THE COVID-19 CRISIS 

UPCOMING

SEPTEMBER 2024

  • 9-20 September: Eleventh meeting of the INB 

NOVEMBER 2024

  • 4-15 November: Twelfth meeting of the INB 

MAY 2025

  • 19-27 May: Seventy-eighth World Health Assembly

PAST

JULY 2024

  • 16-17 July: Tenth meeting of the INB 

JUNE 2024

  • 1 June: A package of critical amendments to the International Health Regulations (2005) (IHR) adopted by the 77th WHA

  • 1 June: Intergovernmental Negotiating Body to draft  and negotiate a WHO convention, agreement or other international instrument on pandemic prevention, preparedness and response WHA77 decision

MAY 2024

  • 16-17 May: Resumed session of the Eighth meeting of the WGIHR (Final report)

  • 20-24 May: Resumed session of the Ninth meeting of the INB and continuation of the drafting group (Report)

  • 27 May - 1 June: Seventy-seventh World Health Assembly

  • 27 May: Working Group on Amendments to the International Health Regulations (2005) Report by the Director-General to WHA77

  • 27 May: Intergovernmental Negotiating Body to draft and negotiate a WHO convention, agreement or other international instrument on pandemic prevention, preparedness and response Report by the Director-General to WHA77

  • 28 May: Strengthening preparedness for and response to health emergencies through targeted amendments to the International Health Regulations (2005) Draft resolution proposed by France, Indonesia, Kenya, New Zealand, Saudi Arabia and the United States of America

  • 28 May: WHO Pandemic Agreement Draft resolution proposed by the 47 Member States of the African Region 

  • 28 May: WHO Pandemic Agreement Draft resolution proposed by Australia, Brunei Darussalam, Canada, Haiti, and Pakistan

 

APRIL 2024

  • 17 April: The Proposed Bureau’s text for WGIHR8 Meeting was released.

  • 22 April: The Proposal for negotiating text​​ of the WHO convention, agreement or other international instrument on pandemic prevention, preparedness and response (“WHO CA+”) was released.

  • 22-26 April: Eighth meeting of the WGIHR (Interim report)

  • 29 April - 10 May: Resumed session of the Ninth meeting of the INB and continuation of the drafting group (Interim report)

MARCH 2024

  • 8 March: Resumed session WGIHR7 on Equity (articles 13a and 44a)

  • 13 March: The Revised Draft Proposal for negotiating text​ of the WHO convention, agreement or other international instrument on pandemic prevention, preparedness and response (“WHO CA+”) was released.

  • 18-28 March: Ninth meeting of the INB and continuation of the drafting group (Interim report)

FEBRUARY 2024

  • 5-9 February: Seventh meeting of the WGIHR (Interim report, final report)

  • 8-18 February: New draft proposals for negotiating text of the WHO pandemic agreement

  • 19 February-1 March: Eighth meeting of the INB and continuation of the drafting group (Report)

  • 23 February: Joint plenary session held by WGIHR and INB

DECEMBER 2023​

  • 4-6 December: Seventh meeting of the INB (Report)

  • 7-8 December: Sixth meeting of the WGIHR (Report)

NOVEMBER 2023

  • 6-10 November: Seventh meeting of the INB and continuation of the drafting group (The Geneva Graduate Institute's Global Health Centre participated in the event and delivered a statement, which can be found here.)​

OCTOBER 2023

  • 2-6 October: Fifth meeting of the WGIHR (Report)

  • 30 October: The Proposal for negotiating text of the WHO convention, agreement or other international instrument on pandemic prevention, preparedness and response (“WHO CA+”) was released.

SEPTEMBER 2023

  • 4-6 & 22 September: Intergovernmental Negotiating Body Drafting Group meeting (Interim report, final report)

  • 20 September: UN High-Level Meeting on Pandemic Prevention, Preparedness and Response (Political Declaration, final text as of 1 September 2023)

JULY 2023

  • 17-21 July: Sixth meeting of the INB and continuation of meetings of the drafting group (Final report available here)

  • 21 and 24 July:  Joint plenary meetings of the INB/WGIHR

  • 24-28 July: Fourth meeting of the WGIHR (Final report available here)

JUNE 12-16, 2023: INB 5 Resumed Session

  • The resumed session of the fifth meeting of the INB was held from 12-16 June 2023 in a hybrid format.

  • According to the report of the meeting, the INB adopted Bureau’s text as a basis for further work after Member States and relevant stakeholders provided general comments in the opening plenary session of the meeting.

  • The Drafting Group discussed Articles 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, and 14. The meeting agreed to consider the articles through informal meetings of the drafting group, and two informal meetings on Article 9 were held on the sidelines of the meeting.

  • The INB agreed to hold intersessional informal meetings in advance of the INB 6 on Articles 9, 12, and 13. 

  • It was noted that a joint plenary session of the INB and WGIHR would be held on 21 and 24 of July 2023.

JUNE 5, 2023: UNGA High-level Meeting on Pandemic Prevention, Preparedness and Response

THE GOVERNING PANDEMICS INITIATIVE
An initiative by the Global Health Centre, Geneva Graduate Institute

Covid-19 has exposed major gaps in the global system for governing preparedness for and responses to pandemics. The Global Health Centre's Governing Pandemics initiative is tracking efforts to address these gaps. This site offers a one-stop information source on six issues that have been identified as requiring reform, and on the proposed pandemic treaty.

 

For each issue, the main problems, pre-Covid-19 reforms, 2021 recommendations by major international panels, and ongoing policy debates are summarized. Regular updates will be provided as efforts progress.

LATEST PUBLICATIONS

Governing Pandemics Snapshot - Issue 4

Governing Pandemics Snapshot - Issue 4

2 July 2024

The Pandemic Agreement: Why What Has Been Achieved So Far Matters

The Pandemic Agreement: Why What Has Been Achieved So Far Matters

24 May 2024

Thematic Text Comparison for all Draft Texts of the WHO Pandemic Agreement

Thematic Text Comparison for all Draft Texts of the WHO Pandemic Agreement

21 May 2024

GOVERNING PANDEMICS 101

Pandemics such as Covid-19 pose wicked challenges for global governance. The Global Health Centre is piloting a free, open online course designed for learners who wish to follow and engage with ongoing processes to reform global arrangements for pandemic preparedness and response.

Topics include WHO; treaties; financing: sharing of data and samples; access to vaccines and drugs; trade and travel restrictions; animal-human health; human rights; humanitarian assistance; universal health coverage and geopolitics.

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